TOP 10 DES ANIMAUX LES PLUS MENACES

TOP 10 OF THE MORE MENACES ANIMALS

For some species, time on Earth 🌎 is counted. Human beings pose the greatest threat to the survival of endangered species, with poaching, habitat destruction and the effects of climate change causing many problems.

Read the following to learn more about some of the beautiful creatures that most need our help, protection, and conservation.

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10) GORILLES

The gorillas 🦍 are fascinating creatures that share 98.3% of their DNA with humans! They're able to feel emotions like us and even behave like us sometimes - do you know they can laugh? There are two species, the eastern gorilla and the western gorilla, and they both have, two subspecies.

Three out of four are in critical extinction danger on the red list of endangered species of IUCN. The only one not is the mountain gorilla, a subspecies of the Eastern gorilla, which is considered to be in danger. At the time we write these lines (August 2020), only about 150 to 180 remain. cross river gorillas adults in nature.

Like many endangered animals, their decline is mainly due to poaching, habitat loss, diseases, and human conflicts. Gorillas are also slow to recover, as they have a low reproductive rate, meaning that females only lower every four to six years. A female will breed three or four times over her lifetime.

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9) RHINOCEROS

The name Rhinoceros 🦏 comes from two Greek words, Rhino and Ceros, which, translated into French, mean nose horn! That's a very appropriate name, don't you think? But unfortunately, poaching for their distinctive horns is their biggest threat. They are used in traditional Chinese medicine and displayed as a symbol of social status and wealth.

They are so prized that a rhino horn from Java can sell up to $30,000 per kilo at the black market. Therefore, three of the five species of rhino are among the most threatened in the world: black rhinos, the java rhinos and the sumatra rhinos. The Java rhinos is the species closest to extinction, with only 46 to 66 individuals remaining, all in Ujung Kulon National Park in Indonesia.

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8) SOME TORTUES

Sea turtles 🐢 are next on our endangered species list. Two species of marine turtles are in critical extinction danger on the red list of endangered species of IUCN : scale turtles and the kemps ridley turtles. The tortoises lute are classified as vulnerable, although the population is decreasing and several subpopulations are in extinction. Hunting is one of the greatest threats to sea turtles, poachers attacking their eggs, shells, meat and skin.

They are also threatened by loss of habitat, plastics and pollution, as well as climate change. Sand temperature determines the sex of the small, with eggs developing as females in warmer temperatures 🔥.

This means that even small temperature changes could distort the sex ratio of populations. Additionally, breeding beaches could disappear underwater with sea level rise.

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7) SAOLA

The Saola is one of the rarest large mammals on Earth. It was first discovered in 1992 in the chain of Annamites in Vietnam, an event so exciting that it was hailed as one of the most spectacular zoological discoveries of the 20th century.

The Saola is elusive and is seen so rarely that it is known as unicorn🦄 Asian! It is difficult to accurately determine the number of its inhabitants, but it is considered to be severely threatened, and it is one of the fewest large terrestrial mammals on Earth.

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6) FRANK BALEINE OF NORTH ATALANTIC

It was the whalers who gave his name to the Atlantic free whale North. These are nice giants 🐳 who stay near the ribs and spend a lot of time on the surface feeding on zooplankton, making it an easy target. They were almost annihilated by hunters because of their meat-rich and oil-rich fat, known as bacon, and are today one of the most threatened Great Baleine.

There are only about 400 left, and only a hundred breeding females left. They are now protected and hunting is illegal, but the reconstruction of the population is slow. Females do not breed for the first ten years of their lives and then give birth to a single whale every six to ten years.

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They are still very threatened with extinction, collisions with boats 🚢 and accidental catches in fishing gear being among the greatest threats. Traffic in boats also creates a noise that interferes with their ability to communicate.

Whales use sound to find companions, locate food and avoid predators, as well as navigate and speak to each other. It's really a vital sense. Finally, climate change and changing sea temperatures can affect food availability, which will have an effect on survival and reproductive rates.

5) PIGEON A BEC DENT

Like their parent, the missing dodo, toothed billed pigeons disappear at an alarming rate. They live only in Samoa and there are currently 70 to 380 left in the wild, with no captive population to help with conservation efforts.

We actually know very little about toothbilled pigeons. They are elusive and very rarely observed. In the past, hunting has played an important role in their decline and has killed thousands of individuals. It is today illegal, but toothed-billed pigeons are still accidentally killed while hunting other species.

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Currently, one of their main threats is habitat loss. Large areas of their habitat have been cleared to make way for agriculture, destroyed by cyclones, or taken over by invasive trees. They are also threatened by predation of invasive species, including wild cats.

4) GANGE GAVIAL

The Gavial are piscivorous crocodiles native to India. They have a long slender muzzle with a large bump at the end that looks like a pot called Ghara, hence their name.

They spend most of their time in freshwater rivers, leaving water only to lean into the sun and lay eggs. Unfortunately, the number of gharas has declined since the 1930s and, unfortunately, this great crocodilian 🐊 is now close to extinction. There are only a hundred or so left 300 in the wild.

Gharial

Their decline is due to several factors, but all are of human origin. Habitat loss, pollution and tangle in fishing nets are some of the biggest threats, as are poachers targeting them to use them in traditional medicine.

3) KAKAPO

The kakapos are parrots 🦜 ground-living nights, native to New Zealand, and another example of animal brought to the edge of human extinction. They are in critical danger of extinction, as only about 140 individuals remain, each bearing an individual name.

They were once common throughout New Zealand and Polynesia, but no longer inhabit only two small islands off the coast of the South Coast of New Zealand. One of the main threats to Kakapos is predation by introduced species such as cats and swallows hunting using odors. The natural reaction of a kakapo is to freeze and blend into the decor when threatened.

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It is effective against predators who rely on the view to hunt, but not on smell. Females also leave the nest unattended when they find food, leaving eggs at the free disposal of predators.

Thanks to intensive conservation measures, the population is now on the rise, which is positive. But genetic diversity is low among the remaining kakapos, which could affect their survival in the future, especially if they are hit by a disease 🤢.

2) LOVE LEOPARD

Unfortunately, the leopards of love 🐆 are one of the world's most threatened big cats. It is also critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species, and between 2014 and 2015, only about 92 Love Leopards remained in their natural range.

This number is now estimated at less than 70. Like all species on our endangered species list, humans pose the greatest threat. Their magnificent coat is highly appreciated by poachers, as are their bones they sell for use in traditional Asian medicine.

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They are also threatened by habitat loss due mainly to natural and human fires. Climate change also changes the habitat of the Leopard of Love and results in a decrease in prey availability.

1) VAQUITA

The vaquita is both the world's smallest marine mammal and the most threatened. It has been classified as "critically endangered" by IUCN since 1996, and by 2018 only 6 to 22 vaquitas remained about .

The latest estimate, dating from July 2019, suggests that there are only 9 now. Their greatest threat comes from illegal fishing from totoaba, a large fish very much in demand due to its swim bladder. Vaquitas accidentally end up getting caught in the gillnets strained for the totoaba and drown because they can no longer swim to the surface to breathe.

Conservation efforts led to the introduction of a ban on gillnets in vaquita habitat in July 2016, but illegal fishing continues and the threat remains.

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Efforts are now focused on enforcing the ban on gillnets and persecuting those who use them. Environmentalists are also working to reduce the demand for totoaba, a protected species.

JOIN THE PANDA UNIVERSE CAUSE

We have just seen together the 10 endangered species on our blue planet. As you can see the man and almost (see totally) at the origin of the decline of these animals.

Between hunting and fishing through global warming if we do not act we risk seeing an eco-system disappear. Now you know everything about it.

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