HOW MANY PANDAS ARE LEFT IN THE WORLD ?
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The panda is an endangered species. How many pandas are left in the world ? It is estimated that 1864 the number of pandas in the wild, as well as to 600 the number of pandas in captivity, of which 162 rented by zoos outside China.
HOW MANY WILD PANDAS IN THE WORLD ?
In 2015, China revealed results of the 4th national census giant pandas and their habitat. Realize every ten years, this census requires several years of field analysis. So, the next official figures will be held in 2025.
There would be 1,864 wild pandas, either 268 more wild pandas than in 2005. This represents an increase in 16.79% of the panda population. The habitat of the giant panda is 2,577,000 hectares, compared to 2,304,991 hectares in 2005. This represents an increase of 11.80 %.
1) INCREASE IN PANDAS POPULATION
Good results made possible by the effectiveness of Chinese protection policies. There are now 1,246 pandas in nature reserves, representing 67% of wild pandas, up from 61.78% in 2005. It now exists 67 nature reserves for protection of pandas, up from 40 in 2005.
These excellent results were achieved through the WWF association. Indeed, WWF plays an important role in the creation of new nature reserves. In addition, WWF has developed many conservation programs giant pandas and their habitat. WWF has also set up co-development projects for local people. Local people should not perceive protection of the panda like a threat. Thus, education programs are a means of making progress the questions of conservation and development.
2) THE PANDA, AN ENDANGERED SPECIES
But efforts must continue, because 33% of wild pandas live in areas unprotected and vulnerable. And 46% of the panda's habitat is outside nature reserves. This habitat is critical to panda conservation. We must also remember that habitat fragmentation is still a reality. 12% of wild individuals are more threatened than in the past due to habitat fragmentation.
3) WHERE DO PANDAS LIVE IN THE WILD ?
Today, pandas live in the wild in central China, in three provinces : Shaanxi, Gansu and Sichuan. They are spread over six large mountain ranges :
- The Qinling Mountains in Shaanxi and Gansu provinces.
- The Min shan mountains in Gansu and Sichuan provinces.
- Qinghai mountains, Daxiangling, Xiaoxiangling and Liangshan in Sichuan province.
HOW MANY PANDAS IN CAPTIVITY ?
There are 600 pandas in captivity, of which 162 in zoos outside of China. And wherever giant pandas are on display, visitors flock to see them. In zoos outside China where there are pandas or in Chinese zoos, the excitement of children and adults is real.
1) PANDAS IN CAPTIVITY 2020
Today there are 600 pandas in captivity. Of these 600 pandas, 162 are found in zoos outside China. Today, there are 21 countries, including China, who hold pandas in captivity. A captive population of 300 pandas provides a population diverse enough to ensure the survival of the species for 100 years. And a population of 600 pandas provides a population that is diverse enough to ensure survival species for 200 years.
In China, many zoos exhibit black and white bears. China has three major institutions are home to giant pandas for breeding purposes. Exchanges regular pandas between these zoos and these institutions. These exchanges allow us to vary partners, maximizing genetic exchanges and limiting inbreeding.
The three centres are:
- Le Shaanxi Wildlife Rescue and the Research Center.
- The research base Chengdu's breeding of the giant panda in Chengdu.
- The Research Centre and conservation of China's giant panda.
2) BENEFITS OF PANDA CAPTIVITY
The captivity of giant pandas presents several advantages :
- Awareness. The panda exhibit educates and raises awareness of the threats to pandas and their habitat. It is also an opportunity to talk about other species that share the habitat of the giant panda.
- Saving the species. The threat of extinction on wild pandas makes sense of captive breeding.
- Profitable. Zoos provide $1 million a year in funding to protect panda habitat. Panda exposure encourages politicians and businesses to commit funds to protect the species.
- Useful for research. Pandas in captivity serve as a resource for biological research. Better knowledge of the species is essential for better population management.
- For the future. Keeping a panda's population in captivity ensures the survival of the species in the event of an unexpected population decline. This population will allow the depopulation of genetically viable natural reserves.
As a result, there is now enough pandas in captivity to ensure the survival of the species for the next 200 years. But because of the small population and the dangers of urbanization, panda is still an endangered species. If you also love pandas and want to contribute to their preservation, come and visit our shop: univers-de-panda.fr !