Some of these poor animals risk disappearing before you complete this article

Most of the animals on this list are in critical extinction danger. A critically endangered species is an animal or plant that is in danger of becoming extinct, unless something is done to prevent it from becoming extinct forever.

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists vulnerable, threatened or endangered species, as well as critically endangered species. In 2012, the IUCN identified 3,079 endangered animals worldwide.

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The number of survivors of some of these animals can number in the hundreds, while others can number in the thousands or even tens of thousands, suggesting that there is no cause for concern.

But the world is changing very quickly these days due to overpopulation, political conflicts, deforestation, fires, dwindling sources of freshwater and climate change, so people shouldn't stop worry about these troubled animals.

Also, keep in mind that this compilation is not written in any particular order, as it would be almost impossible to determine how threatened these animals really are; however, the latest entry could be the most endangered animal on the planet.

Let's go !


An adult southern bluefin tuna can weigh well over 220 kilograms, so these monstrous predatory fish can provide top-notch fishing for avid anglers.

Southern bluefin tuna are also caught commercially in large numbers. Although fishing for this fish was reduced by 80% in the 2010s, it is nonetheless considered an overfished species by the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, which attempts to regulate the commercial use of this fishery. global.

Aquaculture has also been used to raise these fish, but this industry has created great pollution of the oceans and has many detractors. In addition, although there are millions of these fish, IUCN has classified them as an extremely threatened species due to overfishing, pollution and climate change.

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The Bengal tiger, aka the mainland Asian tiger, lives in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal. As of 2014, some 2,500 to 3,000 Bengal tigers existed in these countries, although none of the tiger habitat areas in its range are considered large enough to accommodate more than 250 tigers.

Poaching and habitat loss are believed to be the causes of the species decline. Of course, as many probably know, even though tigers are considered a charismatic species, they are endangered around the world, a genus that includes the Siberian tiger and other subspecies like the Sumatran tiger. You want to understand why are tigers endangered?

Fortunately, since there are many conservation programs for tigers, including the "Save Tigers Now" foundation (sponsored by actor Leonardo DiCaprio and WWFN World Wildlife Fund), they can survive in the wild for decades. But beyond that, who knows?

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This strange, brown, sticky beast is both the largest amphibian and the largest salamander in the world. It can be up to two meters long and weigh up to 45 kilos.

Found in Chinese streams and lakes, this huge salamander has become quite rare in nature; since the 1950s, its numbers have declined by 80% due to various human causes: habitat loss, dam construction, pollution, agricultural runoff, deforestation, and overhunting (these creatures are considered a delicacy and are also used in traditional Chinese medicine).

The Chinese government has created several programs to protect the Chinese giant salamander, but most have met with little success. However, the Chinese government plans to keep tens of thousands of these animals in captivity for scientific research, so they will likely survive that way for years to come.

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The gharial, a fish-eating crocodile found in the northern Indian subcontinent, has suffered a precipitous decline in numbers since the 1930s. Now very close to extinction, recent estimates show that only 100 around 300 gharials survive in the wild.

Growing up to 15 to 20 feet in length, gharials exist in the river systems of Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Unfortunately, the explosion of the human population in these countries has created serious anthropogenic risks for gharials, in particular habitat loss, pollution, hydroelectric projects, poaching and death by fishing nets.

Fortunately, there are conservation programs for the gharial, as the Indian government is committed to saving the species, before it takes the path of the dodo or the carrier pigeon.

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The mountain gorilla, one of two subspecies of the eastern gorilla, is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN. As of 2018, there are only a thousand mountain gorillas in two distinct populations in the mountainous areas of Central Africa, where there are three national parks.

Interestingly, mountain gorillas have thick fur as their habitat is located in volcanic areas, at an elevation of 7,000 to 14,000 feet, where it is generally foggy and cool, if not cold, and overcast. An adult male mountain gorilla can weigh up to 220 kilograms and eat 35 kilograms of vegetation, fruit and insects per day.

Unfortunately, mountain gorillas are threatened by many factors: poaching, habitat loss, disease, war and political unrest. In short, mountain gorillas will survive as long as they are protected by humans and from the problems that they can cause.

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One species of porpoise, the vaquita, is on the brink of extinction. According to an estimate from March 2018, there are only ten or twelve left in the wild. Hence, the vaquita is perhaps the most endangered cetacean in the world.

The number of vaquitas has declined sharply since 1996. The main reason is that the Sea of ​​Cortez, or Gulf of California, has become severely overexploited, and the vaquita sometimes gets caught in fishing nets and drowns, as do others. dolphins are accidentally killed.

The Mexican government has spent tens of millions of dollars to prevent this deadly bycatch, but the results have been dismal for the poor vaquita.

If drastic measures are not taken quickly, the vaquita will disappear, the first cetacean to do so since the disappearance of the baiji, a dolphin from the Yangtze River that went extinct in the 1980s.

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The best known of all lemurs, the red tailed lemur, like virtually all lemurs, is critically endangered; in fact, 95% of lemurs are at least in danger.

The main reason for the collapse of this species is that all lemurs are only found on the island of Madagascar, which is increasingly deforested - hour by hour, it seems. Currently, only some 2,000 red-tailed lemurs survive in the wild, due to habitat loss, hunting, poaching, and illegal wildlife trade.

Fortunately for this species of lemurs, they breed easily in captivity, so their numbers are high in zoos. Therefore, the prospects of reintroducing these magnificent creatures to the wild will at least be a viable option.

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Also known as the hook-lipped rhino, the black rhino is critically endangered mainly because its horns are highly prized by people who would use them in traditional Chinese medicine, although no medicinal use of the horns has been proven. by science (horns are little more than nail cells).

Nonetheless, the rhino horn is currently worth more than its weight in gold! Rhinoceros horns are also used for making knife and dagger handles, demand for which caused the black rhino population to collapse by 95% between 1970 and 1992.

Tragically, many other African rhino subspecies have become extinct. Black rhinos are now very well kept in nature reserves, otherwise they would have already disappeared. Fortunately, southern white rhinos are doing quite well; more than 20,000 were alive in 2015.

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The dhole, aka the Asian wild dog, is found in the mountainous regions of Southeast Asia, India, and China. A parent of dogs, coyotes, wolves, jackals and other canines, the dhole is very endangered; only about 2,500 exist in the wild.

The dholes especially lived in parts of Central Asia, Europe and North America 12,000 to 18,000 years ago. Their numbers have fallen in particular for the following reasons: loss of habitat, decrease in the number of prey, competition from other species, death of farmers and breeders, contagious diseases and parasites spread by domestic dogs.

Interestingly, terriers are almost indomitable, although the young are docile and can play with domestic dogs until adulthood.

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The brown-headed spider monkey, found in northern Colombia and northeastern Venezuela, is on the list of the 25 most endangered primates in the world. It lives in old-growth tropical forests, of which about 98% have disappeared from its range.

Tragically, 80% of these creatures no longer exist. Like most monkeys, the brown-headed spider monkey feeds primarily on vegetation and fruit, but is ready to eat just about anything if that's all there is to it.

Interestingly, this species has blue eyes, which is very unusual for spider monkeys. Very threatened, its estimated population is unknown.

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The Komodo dragon is the largest lizard in the world. An adult can be up to three meters long and weigh up to 68 kilograms. It exists on five small Indonesian islands: Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang and Padar.

In fact, the Komodo dragon is the only large carnivorous animal from the aforementioned islands; it is also a relic of the megafauna that became extinct after the end of the Pleistocene.

Surprisingly, female Komodo dragon can produce offspring through parthenogenesis, that is, they can reproduce without their eggs being fertilized. In 2013, the wild population of Komodo dragons was estimated to be around 3,000 individuals.

As long as the habitat on these five islands is maintained and their prey does not disappear, Komodo dragons could last for many years.

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Although the Siamese crocodile's range is large, its numbers have declined significantly in recent years. Found in Southeast Asia and parts of Indonesia, the Siamese crocodile can reach a length of 3 meters, although hybrids can be much larger in captivity.

They exist in a wide variety of habitats - rivers, streams, lakes, arcuate lakes, swamps and marshes. Oddly enough, despite being extinct in 99% of their former range, Siamese crocodiles are bred by the thousands on crocodile farms in Cambodia.

Habitat loss is the main reason for the disappearance of these crocodiles; the other reasons are the chemical fertilizers and pesticides used in rice cultivation, herd increase, wars, construction of dams and drowning in fishing nets. The wild population of Siamese crocodiles is unknown.

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The Mexican wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf and the most endangered gray wolf in North America. Once viewed as a threat to livestock, these wolves were hunted, trapped and poisoned. In fact, in the 1970s, the Mexican wolf was so few in number that it was declared an endangered species.

The US and Mexican governments then captured the few remaining wolves in the wild and took them captive. Then, in 1998, captive Mexican wolves were reintroduced to parts of Arizona and New Mexico.

In 2017, some 140 Mexican wolves lived in parts of Mexico, Arizona and New Mexico, as well as 240 individuals maintained in breeding programs in Mexico.

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Also known as the Borneo pygmy elephant, the Borneo elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant. Due to widespread habitat loss on the island of Borneo and parts of Malaysia, the number of Borneo elephants has declined dramatically since the 1980s, placing the species on the IUCN Red List. , which designates it as a critically endangered species.

Typically smaller than African elephants, the Borneo elephant has been domesticated in many areas, although this proximity to people has led it to enter into many conflicts, resulting in hundreds of deaths each year, both in humans than in elephants. Currently, in some areas only 20 to 80 Borneo elephants survive in the wild.

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The orangutan, whose name means "person of the forest," exists on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra and includes three distinct species of the world's great apes.

Orangutans live almost entirely in trees and feed on fruit, vegetation, honey, bird eggs, and insects. Considered very intelligent to apes, orangutans are often studied for their ability to make tools and use them intelligently; they also know how to cure their own illnesses by eating certain plants, certain types of soil or minerals. (For good reason, in the "Planet of the Apes" movies, orangutans are portrayed as the smartest monkeys).

Due to habitat loss, poaching, and illegal wildlife trade, orangutans are categorized as critically endangered.

Although estimates showed there were 100,000 in 2016, their numbers have declined by 80% over the past 75 years. Current estimates are that there could be fewer than 50,000 left by 2025.

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Another animal on the IUCN red list, the Iberian lynx lives in the Andalusia region of Spain and feeds mainly on European rabbits.

Unfortunately, the number of these rabbits declined sharply in the 1990s due to diseases such as myxomatosis and habitat loss. In the 2000s, only 100 Iberian lynx survived in the wild. But, thanks to various conservation measures, rabbit repopulation and captive breeding programs, the number of Iberian lynx rose to 326 in 2012.

But such a small number of lynx could be wiped out by disease, natural disasters or other disasters. Fortunately, the Spanish National Commission for the Protection of Nature has launched the ex situ conservation breeding program of lynx, which could help stabilize and increase the Iberian lynx population.

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A New World monkey found in the rainforests of northwestern Colombia, the White Crested Pinchee, is very small - an adult weighs only a pound; and perhaps because of their small size, about 40,000 of them were used for biomedical research before 1976, although they are now protected from this type of experimentation by international law.

At present, the White-crested Pinchee is under serious threat as 95% of its original habitat has been deforested and devoted to palm oil cultivation, dam construction and livestock grazing. Tamarins are also poached by wildlife traffickers.

Therefore, the White-crested Pinchee is one of the most endangered primates in the world; only about 6,000 remain in the wild.

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New species of mammals are only discovered from time to time. In 1992, WWFN announced the discovery of the saola, aka the Asian unicorn, a new species of bovid found in the Annamese range in Vietnam. (It had been 50 years since a species of large mammal was discovered in the wild).

In addition, due to the unusual physical characteristics of the saola, it has been assigned its own genus, Pseudoryx, which is not common in this kind of animal! Additionally, since the saola was only recently discovered and only exists in remote forest areas, not much is known about it.

As a result, one can only guess at the number of its survivors, although wildlife authorities know enough to designate it as a critically endangered species.

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IUCN listed 416 birds as endangered in September 2016, and one of those animals is the Philippine Cockatoo, which is found on many small islands in the Philippines.

In the 1990s, the Philippine Cockatoo had a wild population of no more than 4,000 birds, but by 2008 the number was below 1,000, making it one of the most endangered birds on the planet. These cockatoos are endangered due to habitat loss and illegal trapping for the black market in wildlife.

In addition, these birds are often killed as pests, as they sometimes feed on agricultural products. Fortunately, there is a captive population of Philippine Cockatoo.



Found on the island of Madagascar, which has lost 90% of its native forest over the centuries since the first humans arrived 2,350 years ago, the Star Turtle, among many other native animals, suffers from human activity.

The Star Turtle is critically endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, and exploitation through the pet trade. It is interesting to note that the Star Turtle is considered to be one of the prettiest turtles in the world; the radiated patterns and pyramid-shaped domes on its shell are really eye-catching.

In addition, like many turtles, it has a great longevity; a radiant turtle lived 188 years. Unfortunately, in recent years, smugglers have captured hundreds, if not thousands, of these turtles and shipped them to other countries. The number of Star Turtles that survived is unknown.

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Essentially a vulture and the largest land bird in North America, the California condor went extinct in 1987! In fact, the surviving birds, 27 in number, were captured and placed in a captive breeding program.

Then, in 1991, some of the remaining condors were reintroduced into the wild, specifically in remote areas of California, Utah, Arizona, and northern Mexico.

Today, in 2017, 463 condors are still alive, in captivity or in the wild. The California condor is therefore one of the rarest birds in the world. The main reasons for its disappearance are poaching, habitat loss and lead poisoning.

It is interesting to note that the California condor is the sacred bird of the Chumash Indians of southern California.

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This species of baleen whale got its name because it appeared to be the "right" whale to be killed by whalers.

Due to its easy-going nature, the fact that it stays close to dry land, and its meat has a high content of lard, which allows it to float long after its death, thus facilitating transformation, this beast of 50 feet may never have recovered from the days of legal whaling; there are only about 400 in the North Atlantic Ocean, its main habitat.

Today protected, whales are nevertheless often killed by collisions with ships or by entanglement in fishing gear.

Fortunately, in 2008, the National Marine Fisheries Service enacted speed restrictions on whale migration routes to reduce collisions between whales and ships.



Eight known species of pangolins exist in Southeast Asia and Central and Southern Africa, but the aforementioned species, which occur on the island of Java, are considered critically endangered.

Essentially armored anteaters, pangolins are the only scaly mammals found in the world. They feed on ants and termites, move slowly, and are therefore easy to capture or kill - but they can curl up into a ball when threatened.

Pangolins are widely trafficked throughout their range; people want to eat their meat and / or collect their scales, which are said to have medicinal properties. Two species of pangolins have gone extinct in modern times and other species have gone extinct in the past.

It is not known how many of them will survive in the future.

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Found near tropical coral reefs around the world, the Hawksbill sea turtle has been listed as Critically Endangered since 1996, with its global population declining by 80% in the past 100-150 years.

Hunted for their meat and their beautiful shell, these large sea turtles can weigh up to 135 kilos. They suffer from habitat loss, hunting, large-scale fishing and pollution. Fortunately, since 1970 the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service have developed plans to protect the Hawksbill sea turtle; and the

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species prohibits killing or harassing these turtles, as well as exporting or importing derived products.

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The tooth-billed pigeon, aka the little dodo, is a close relative of the infamous dodo, a large flightless bird that went extinct in 1662 (living on an island when humans show up is the kiss of death for birds unable to fly).

And the slender-billed pigeon may well follow the path to sleep sooner rather than later, since its numbers are rapidly decreasing. It is only found on the island of Samoa in the Pacific Ocean. There are only 70 to 380 individuals left in the wild, and no captive populations exist.

Risks to the bird include: habitat loss, hunting, cyclones, loss of old trees, and predation by invasive species such as cats, pigs, dogs, and rats.



Certainly one of the rarest wild cats in the world, the Amur leopard is found in parts of southeastern Russia and northeastern China.

Photos taken using camera traps in 2014 and 2015 showed 92 individuals in their historic northern range (other cat subspecies may still exist in North or South Korea).

The main threats to the Amur leopards are formidable: poaching, deforestation, fires, commercial projects such as pipelines, diseases like the canine distemper virus and inbreeding.

Many programs and strategies, such as importing leopards to areas with low populations, are being developed to ensure the survival of these felines. But only time will tell what options, if any, will keep them alive decades later.

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This monkey-faced bat species is one of the many species found in the islands of the South Pacific.

It is only found in the mountainous regions of Guadalcanal, the scene of fierce fighting during World War II, and one of the six largest islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago.

Discovered by mammalogist Tim Flannery in 1991, this bat is one of the smallest and perhaps the prettiest of all monkey-faced bats; it has a sagittal crest, massive incisors, black wings and striking red eyes.

Sadly, Flannery has only found one of these bats, known as the holotype, and experts believe there are probably no more than 50 adults alive - or maybe l 'species has disappeared.

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Also known as the night parrot or owl, the kakapo, which resembles a cross between a parrot and an owl, is the only flightless parrot species that still exists on the planet.

These nocturnal birds, which reach about two feet in length, are extremely rare; only around 140 individuals survive - and all of them have names! Once present all over New Zealand before the Polynesians arrived 700 years ago, the Kakapos now only exist on two small islands - Codfish / Whenua Hou and Anchor - both off the southern coast of the New Zealand.

These islands are protected from predators - no cats, rats or dogs are allowed - which helps maintain the ecological balance of the birds, otherwise they would soon be exterminated.

Kakapos could therefore survive for many years, but their genetic diversity is very low, making their long-term survival uncertain.

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Also known as the slender-horned gazelle or the pale gazelle, the rhino gazelle lives in the northern parts of the Sahara Desert, in countries like Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt.

Although well adapted to life in the desert, this animal is considered an endangered species as there are only 300 to 600 in the wild, according to IUCN estimates. Incredibly, the rhino gazelle rarely drinks liquid water; it survives by ingesting moisture from various desert plants.

Threats to this animal include illegal hunting for its meat and ornamental horns, human encroachment, and habitat loss.

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The Black-robed Erione, a species of hummingbird, lives in the northwestern region of the country, specifically on the slopes of the active Pichincha stratovolcano, but may also exist in other nearby regions.

It is critically endangered, as only about 300 of them exist in wild habitats, according to IUCN estimates. This hummingbird feeds on nectar and insects and exists in specific mountainous microhabitats located at about 3000 meters of altitude.

Threats to this very rare and magnificent bird are agricultural expansion, logging, cattle grazing, man-made fires, bush fires and natural disasters.

ERIONE A BLACK DRESS panda universe


One of only five extant rhino species, the Java rhino, whose range formerly included the islands of Java and Sumatra, eastern India, parts of Southeast Asia and China, is very close to extinction; in 2018, only 50 to 70 of these beasts existed in Ujung Kulon National Park in Java and none in captivity.

Others may still be alive in other countries, but no sightings have been confirmed by experts. Poaching is probably the main reason why these heavy, armored beasts are so rare; their horns are worth around $ 30,000 per kilogram on the black market, three times as much as the horns of African rhinos.

Alarmingly, such a small population of these rhinos could be wiped out by a single disease or by a natural disaster like the eruption of Anak Krakatau volcano, which is near Ujung Kulon National Park.

RHINOCEROS DE JAVA universe of panda


In recent times, the habitat of the Florida panther has shrunk to five percent of its historic range, as commercial development in Florida has exploded in recent years.

In the 1970s, there were around 20 panthers left in the wild, but thanks to various conservation efforts that number increased to 230 in 2017. Unfortunately, 230 pumas require 8,000 to 12,000 square miles of habitat. to flourish, but only 3,800 square miles in South Florida are available.

Other threats to panthers are disease, vehicle collisions, pollution, and inbreeding depression. The introduction of cougars from other states has helped alleviate inbreeding, but only five cats can be introduced at a time, otherwise the habitat will be overcrowded.

It seems that this species of cougar can survive for decades, but only if enough people are dedicated to its survival.

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Similar in size to the famous red-tailed hawk of North America, the Galapagos hawk is not as numerous; there are only about 300 birds in the wild.

In fact, these hawks, top predators in the Galápagos archipelago, are now extinct on the islands of Baltra, Daphne, Floreana, San Cristobal and Seymour.

The reasons for their sharp decline are invasive species, habitat loss and human disturbance. Yet young hawks seem to have little fear of humans.

In 1845 Darwin wrote: "A gun here is almost superfluous; for with the muzzle I have pushed a hawk out of the branch of a tree." Perhaps the Galapagos hawks young and old should learn to have a healthy fear of humans - if they are to escape total extinction!

GALAPAGOS NOZZLE panda universe


The smallest leopard subspecies, the Arabian leopard, lives in the Arabian Peninsula, but virtually all of the animal's habitat is severely fragmented and the only viable population of wild leopards exists in the Dhofar Mountains in south-eastern Saudi Arabia.

This rugged terrain provides perfect habitat and prey for the Arabian leopard. Nonetheless, this magnificent wild feline was classified as critically endangered by the IUCN in 2006, when it was estimated that only around 200 existed in the wild.

Unfortunately, although the animal is protected in Saudi Arabia, it does not currently live in protected areas. Threats to the animal are habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching and slaughter by pastoralists whose cattle have been hunted by leopards.

By the way, the current state of the Arabian leopard can be seen in an episode of the PBS series, Expedition (2020).

ARABIAN LEOPARD panda universe


One of the largest woodpeckers in the world, the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, may in fact be extinct. The last sighting of the bird was in 2004, but only one male bird was filmed.

The reason for the disappearance of the species is the loss of habitat, particularly deciduous swamps and pine forests, much of which has been exploited since the end of the civil war.

There is little evidence of the bird's survival since the early 1940s, although people have searched for this pretty woodpecker all over the Southeastern United States, not to be confused with the great woodpecker, which appears almost the same.

So if you can find a live specimen of this bird and bring a biologist there, you can win a reward of $ 50,000!

PIC A BEC D'IVOIRE universe of panda


Also known as the Tasmanian tiger, thylacine is probably the most endangered species on this list; in fact, it may no longer exist anywhere on earth!

Known as the largest carnivorous marsupial of modern times, thylacine is native to Australia, New Guinea and especially Tasmania, its last known range.

The last living thylacine notably died in a zoo in 1936. You can see a video of it on YouTube, as well as other videos showing its apparent contemporary existence.

In any case, observations of thylacine were reported until the 2000s, and a reward of $ 1.75 million was offered to anyone who could prove the existence of the animal.

In 2017, scientists started using camera traps to search for this creature, which is perhaps more of a conundrum than an endangered species at present.

 THYLACINE universe of panda


This humble list is certainly not exhaustive; hundreds of other animal species are in danger, if not in a critical situation. If anyone wishes to help save these animals from extinction, they could support, or at least become familiar with, organizations such as the World Wide Fund for Nature, known in America and Canada, which has invested over a billion dollars in conservation efforts for wildlife around the world since 1995. People could also donate a euro or two to these groups though. informed and dedicated.

It can also be borne in mind that as these endangered species go extinct, it becomes much more likely that others will go extinct as well.

The giant panda, symbol of the World Wide Fund for Nature

The giant panda, symbol of the World Wide Fund for Nature


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