TOP 10 MISSING ANIMALS
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Animal extinctions can be caused by natural events such as warming ☀️ or climatic cooling ❄️ or changes in sea level 🌊. However, in more modern times, it is human activity that is responsible.
Habitat destruction as farmland expands and forests are felled is the main cause of modern extinctions, along with pollution, introduction of exotic species, and overfishing or hunting.
However, it is increasingly believed that climate change is driving these extinctions.
10) BLACK RHINOCEROS OF WEST AFRICA
The West African black rhino has been found in several countries towards the south-eastern region of Africa. Measuring 3 to 3.8 meters long and 1.4 to 1.7 meters high, this rhino 🦏 would have weighed 800 to 1,300 kg. It had two horns, one from 0.5 to 1.3 meters and the other from 2 to 55 cm. His diet included leafy plants and shoots.
Some believe their horns had medicinal properties - although this is not scientifically proven - which has led to significant poaching. In the 1930s, conservation measures were taken to protect the species, but numbers continued to decline. The last West African black rhino was seen in Cameroon in 2006. It was officially declared extinct in 2011.
9) BAIJI WHITE DOLPHIN
Baiji's white dolphin, also called dolphin 🐬 Chinese river, is only found in the Yangtze River in China. These mammals can be up to 2.5 meters long and weigh up to a quarter of a ton. They depended on echolocation to navigate and hunt their prey due to their small eyes and very poor eyesight.
Living in the Yangtze for 20 million years, their numbers declined dramatically from the 1950s. With the industrialization of China, the river was used for fishing, transportation, and hydropower, which had a huge effect on mammals. Although it has not been officially declared extinct, no one has seen a Yangtze River Dolphin since 2002.
8) BOUQUETIN DES PYRÉNÉES
One of the four subspecies of Spanish ibex or Iberian goat 🐐 which was found in the Iberian Peninsula. The ibex reached a height of 60 to 76 cm at the shoulder and weighed 24 to 80 kg. It ate mainly grasses and plants.
It was thought that there were 50,000 in history, but by the early 1900s their numbers had dropped to less than 100. The exact cause of the Pyrenean ibex's extinction is unknown; scientists believe the contributing factors were poaching and the inability to compete with other mammals for food and habitat.
The last Pyrenean ibex was killed by a fall from a tree in northern Spain in 2000.
7) TRAVELING PIGEON
Native to North America, the carrier pigeon or wild pigeon has been extinct since the beginning of the 20th century. It is estimated that between 3 and 5 billion homing pigeons inhabited the United States when Europeans arrived in North America, but their settlement led to massive deforestation which resulted in habitat loss and population reduction. 'birds.
In the 19th century, pigeon meat was marketed as a cheap food for the poor, which led to large-scale hunting. The carrier pigeon became extinct in the wild around 1900, the last known individual having died in captivity in 1914.
6) TASMANIAN TIGER
Native to Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea, the tasmanian tiger was a large carnivorous marsupial. Unrelated to the tiger 🐯, the creature had the appearance of a medium to large dog (it weighed 30 kg with a length of almost 2 meters from nose to tail) but dark stripes gave it the appearance of a tiger.
It is believed to have been hunted to extinction - which was encouraged by bounties - but human encroachment on its habitat, introduction of dogs, and disease may also have contributed. The last wild Tasmanian tiger was killed between 1910 and 1920, the last prisoner having died at Hobart Zoo, Tasmania, in 1936.
5) STELLERS SEA COW
Named after George Steller, a naturalist who discovered the creature in 1741, Stellers sea cow was a large herbivorous mammal. Steller's sea cow, which was at least 8-9 meters tall and weighed around 8-10 tons, is believed to inhabit the nearby islands in southwest Alaska and the Commander's Islands in the Bering Sea.
It is believed that the mammal was tame and spent most of its time eating kelp; this, along with the fact that he was unable to submerge his enormous body, was perhaps what made him vulnerable to human hunters. Within 27 years of its discovery by Europeans, Steller's sea cow was hunted to extinction.
4) BIG PENGUIN
A large bird unable to fly found in the North Atlantic and up to northern Spain. He had an average height of 75 to 85 cm and weighed about 5 kg. The great penguin 🐧 was a powerful swimmer who hunted underwater for food.
The last colony of penguins lived on Eldey Island and by 1835 they had all been killed. The last of these birds was killed by three men who captured it in St Kilda, Scotland, in 1844. When a big storm erupted, they believed the penguin was a witch and that he was in there origin of the storm, so they killed him.
The Dodo, an extinct and flightless bird that inhabited Mauritius, was about a meter tall and weighed perhaps 10 to 18 kg. The only evidence we have of the appearance of the Dodo is that of various illustrations and writings from the 17th century, so its exact appearance remains to be determined.
It is assumed that the bird never flew due to the abundance of food sources (seeds, roots and fallen fruits) and the relative absence of predators. Dutch sailors first mentioned the dodo in 1598.
The bird was hunted to extinction by sailors and their pets, as well as invasive species. The last widely accepted sighting of a dodo dates back to 1662.
2) WOOLY MAMMOUTH
A huge mammal, which is believed to be closely related to the elephant 🐘 modern times. Its ancestors migrated out of Africa around 3.5 million years ago, spreading across northern Eurasia and North America.
The creature was over 4 meters tall and could weigh over 6 tons. They were covered in fur and their curved tusks could easily reach 5 meters long! The woolly mammoth eventually became extinct 10,000 years ago, a combined effect of human hunting and habitat loss due to climate change.
The last of the isolated populations of woolly mammoths is believed to have disappeared from Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean around 1700 BC. J.-C.
1) SABER TOOTH CAT
Often called Saber-toothed Tigers or Saber-toothed Lions, they existed 55 million to 11,700 years ago. The cats🐱 Saber-toothed were carnivores named after elongated blade-like canine teeth, which in some species were up to 50 cm long.
Similar in construction to a bear, they were considered excellent hunters and hunted animals such as sloths and mammoths. These felines could open their jaws at an angle of 120 degrees, almost twice as wide as a lion 🦁 !
It is believed that the extinction of the saber-toothed cat could be linked to the decline and extinction of the large herbivores they hunted. Other explanations include climate change and competition with humans.
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We have just seen together which animals have disappeared from our earth. You now know these species perfectly, as well as the origin of their disappearances.
In Panda universe we are sensitive to the whole animal cause, the disappearance of these species proves once again that man is responsible. In order to preserve our planet and the diversity of animals, pay attention to the imprint you leave for future generations.